Agriculture msc Horticulture most important questions for competitive exams

  1. Which fruit is most suited for preparation of marmalade ?

(a) Litchi

(b) Guava

(c) Orange

(d) Mango

  1. Which one of the following is an aggregate fruit ?

(a) Strawberry

(b) Pineapple

(c) Guava

(d) Citrus

  1. Biggest cultivated fruit in the world is

(a) Papaya

(c) Bread fruit

(b) Jack fruit

(d) Coconut

  1. The most cold hardy citrus root stock is

(a) Trifoliate orange

(b) Mosambi

(c) Sour lime

(d) Lemon

  1. Viviparous seed are reported in

(a) Grapes

(c) Jack fruit

(b) Ber

(d) Mango

  1. The red colour of Jelly is due to addition of

(a) Charring of sugar

(b) Pectin

(c) Artificial colour

(d) Acid

  1. Most important disease of banana in India is

(a) Panama wilt

(b) Cercospora leaf spot

(c) Sigatoka

(d) Bunchy top

  1. Santa rosa is a popular variety of

(a) Plum

(c) Walnut

(b) Pear

(d) Cashew nut

  1. Sweetest sugar in fruit is

(a) Galactose

(b) Glucose

(d) Sucrose

(c) Fructose

  1. The inception of ripening in grape is termed as

(a) Colour break

(b) Turning stage

(d) Break even point

(c) Verasion

  1. Dwarf mutant cultivar of papaya is

(a) Pusa Dwarf

(c) Pusa Nanha

(d) Pusa Majesty

(b) CO1

  1. Which one of the following is ethylene absorbent ?

(a) KCI

(b) KMNO4

(c) KNO3

(d) K₂SO

  1. Fruit which show either a rise in respiration rate an associated or production of ethylene during the ripening process are called

(a) Climacteric

(b) Non-Climacteric

(c) Parthenocarpic

(d) Parthenogenetic

  1. Pusa early dwarf is an improved variety of

(a) Apple

(b) Mango

(c) Strawberry

(d) Pear

  1. Almond is originated from which center of origin

(a) Asia minor

(b) Mediterranean center

(c) South American

(d) Chinese

  1. Manikara hexandra (Khirni) is used as root stock for

(a) Jamun

(c) Sweet orange

(b) Sapota

(d) Grape

  1. Plants which become dormant during summer are known as

(a) Deciduous

(b) Evergreen

(c) Caducous

(d) None of these

  1. Which fruit crop has the highest chromosome (2n = 308) ?

(a) Banana

(c) Mulberry

(b) Guava

(d) Cashew nut

  1. Fruit of bael (Aegle marelos) is botanically

(a) Drupe

(b) Hard Shelled berry

(c) Stone

(d) Hesperidium

  1. Which one of the following is not correctly matched ?

(a) Phalsa

(b) Litchi

(c) Apple

(d) Mulberry

  1. Karonda (Carrisa carandus) is belongs to family

(a) Apocynaceae

(b) Euphorbiaceae

(c) Boraginaceae

(d) Euphorbiaceae

  1. Lasoda (Cordia mixa) is a minor fruit of India belongs to family

(a) Anacardiaceae

(b) Rosaceae

(c) Boraginaceae

(d) Euphorbiaceae

  1. Hand pollination is most useful in which fruit ?

(a) Grape

(c) Pineapple

(b) Mango

(d) Date palm

  1. Cashewnut has originated from

(a) India

(b) South East Asia

(c) Brazil

(d) Caspian Sea Area

  1. Most common training system of apple in India is

(a) Open Centre

(b) Modified leader

(c) Leader

(d) Spindle bush system

  1. Most ideal method for top working in Mango is

(a) Inarching

(d) None

(b) Veneer grafting

(c) Side grafting

  1. Dwarfing rootstock in mango is

(a) Totapuri red small

(b) Dashehari

(c) Olour

(d) Alphonso

  1. Best time for the propagation of apple is

(a) Dec – Jan

(b) July August

(c) February March

(d) April – May

  1. Botanically, ber fruit is

(a) Stone

(c) Drupe

(b) Berry

(c) Drupe

  1. Litchi is native to

(a) North China

(b) India

(c) North America

(d) South China

31 Guava belongs to family

(a) Myrtaceae

(b) Caricaceae

(c) Euphorbiaceae

(d) Rosaceae

  1. The yellow pigment in papaya fruit is:

(a) Carotene

(c) Xanthophyll

(b) Anthocyanin

(d) Caricaxanthin

  1. Papaya is a commercially propagated by:

(a) Layering

(b) Cutting

(c) Budding

(d) Seed

  1. Origin place of pineapple is :

(a) Brazil

(b) Australia

(c) China

(d) India

  1. The inflorescence of banana is :

(b) Catkin

(a) Umbel

(c) Spadix

(d) Raceme

  1. ‘Spongy tissue’ is a serious problem of mango cultivar

(a) Malda

(c) Totapari

(b) Alphonso

(d) Langra

  1. Best time of budding in ber is

(a) July-August

(b) Feb – March

(c) Sept Oct

(d) May June

  1. In budding and grafting the union between stock and scion take place through

(a) Xylem

(b) Cortex

(c) Phloem

(d) Cambium

  1. Litchi is commercially propagated by

(a) Veneer grafting

(b) Tip layering

(c) Air layering

(d) March grafting

  1. Type of parthenocarpy in sindhu variety of Mango is

(a) Stenospermocarpy

(c) Stimulative

(b) Vegetative

(d) All of these

  1. Seedless mango ‘Sindhu’ has developed by back cross between

(a) Ratna and Alphonso

(b) Ratna and Neelum

(c) Alphonso and Amrapali

(d) None of these

  1. Pollen sterility is a serious problem in

(a) Aonla

(b) Grape

(d) Ber

(c) Pomegranate

  1. Only allopolyploid variety reported in mango

(a) Kurrukan

(c) Olour

(b) Vellai kulamban

(d) Amarapali

  1. High production in protected cultivation is due to

(a) High photosynthetic efficiency

(b) High temperature

(c) High 02

(d) All of these

  1. Fruit crop suitable for high soil pH

(a) Aonla

(c) Pomegranate

(b) Guava

(d) Ber

  1. In situ method of grafting in mango is

(a) Inarching

(b) Stone grafting

(c) Epicotyl grafting

(d) Soft wood grafting

  1. Metaxenia is commonly observed in which fruit plant

(a) Date

(b) Grape

(d) Apple

(c) Mango

  1. Super dwarfing rootstock of apple is

(a) M 9

(c) M 25

(b) M 11

(d) M 27

  1. Which one of the following fruits contain more fat than the rest ?

(a) Avocado

(b) Apple

(c) Guava

(d) Jackfruit

  1. Multi storyed cropping is practiced in

(a) J & K and Kerala

(b) Bihar and Madhya Pradesh

(c) Karnataka and Kerala

(d) Rajasthan and Haryana

  1. Fruit stored in a cold chamber exhibit longer storage life because

(a) The rate of respiration is decreased

(b) There is an increase in humidity

(c) Exposure to sun light is prevented

(d) CO2 conc. in the environment is increased

  1. Sodium benzoate is added for the preservation of fruit juice in the concentration of

(a) 0.01-0.5 %

(b) 0.06-0.10 %

(d) 1.6-2.0%

(c) 1.1 to 1.5%

  1. Which of the following is most suitable for growing under arid zones of India?

(a) Papaya

(b) Ber

(c) Sweet Orange

(d) Jack fruit

  1. Chemical formula of potassium metabisulphite is

(a) KMS

(b) K2S2O7

(c) K₂SO2

(d) KSO₂

  1. Granulation can be reduced by spraying of

(a) KNO3

(b) Copper oxide

(c) Lead arsenate

(d) Urea

  1. Which one of the following is a rich source of fat ?

(a) Almond

(c) Mango

(d) Cashew nut

57.Which one of the following is a rich source of protein ?

(a) Walnut

(b) Walnut

(c) Banana

(b) Cashew nut

(d) Almond

  1. Seedlessness in lemon (Citrus lemon) is due to

(a) Self incompatibility

(b) Parthenocarpy

(c) Parthenogenesis

(d) Ovule sterility

  1. Which portion of the plant is considered free from viruses ?

(a) Embryo

(b) Xylem

(c) Meristem

(d) Cambium

  1. The chief ingredient value of the beal is of the medicinal

(a) Ficin

(c) Marmelosin

(b) Lycopene

(d) Annonine

  1. Indicator plant for tristeza virus in citrus is

(a) Citrus limmetoides

(b) C. aurantifolia

(c) C. reticulata

(d) C. paradisi

  1. Which of the following fruit is a single seeded nut?

(a) Litchi

(c) Almond

(b) Mangosteen

(d) Date

  1. ‘Cricket ball’ is an improved variety of

(a) Sapota

(b) Mango

(d) Guava

(c) Litchi

  1. ‘Little leaf’ of mango is due to the deficiency of

(a) Fe

(b) Mo

(c) Zn

(d) Mn

  1. Basrai Dwarf and Amrit Sagar are the varieties of

(a) Banana

(b) Papaya

(c) Mango

(d) Sapota

  1. Which one of the following citrus type is monoembryonic ?

(a) Citron

(b) Mandarin

(c) Pummelo

(d) Sour lime

  1. Tamarind fruit botanically is a type of fruit

(a) Berry

(b) Hesperidium

(c) Pod (lomentum)

(d) Pome

  1. Which of the following is parthenocarpic grape variety?

(b) Kali sahibi

(a) Perlette

(c) Black corianth

(d) Arka hans

  1. Which fruit is richest source of riboflavin ?

(a) Bael

(b) Pineapple

(c) Mango

(d) Ber

  1. Balanced diet includes at least vegetables.

(a) 90

(c) 200

(b) 120

(d) 300

  1. Which vitamin is called as coagulating vitamin ?

(a) Vitamin A

(b) Vitamin E

(c) Vitamin K

(d) Vitamin C

  1. The edible portion of cabbage is

(a) Head

(b) Curd

(c) Swollen stem

(d) None of these

  1. Flavour in cabbage leaves is due to the glycoside

(a) Cucurbitacin

(b) Sinigrin

(c) Oleoresin

(d) Erucic acid

  1. Golden Acre, Pride of India and Express are the improved varieties of

(a) Cauliflower

(c) Knol – Khol

(b) Cabbage

(d) Broccoli

  1. Optimum seed rate (g/ha) of cabbage is

(a) 200

(b) 300

(c) 400

(d) 500

  1. Optimum seed rate (g/ha) of cauliflower is

(a) 300-400

(c) 700-800

(b) 500-700

(d) 800-900

  1. Buttoning is a physiological disorder in

(a) Cabbage

(b) Cauliflower

(d) Garlic

(c) Onion

  1. Kunwari, Giant Snow Ball and Pusa synthetic are varieties of

(a) Cauliflower

(b) Knol – Khol

(c) Brinjal

(d) Chilli

  1. Ricyness, fuzziness, hollow stem, leafyness and pinking are physiological disorder of

(a) Knol – Khol

(b) Brinjal

(c) Cauliflower

(d) Broccoli

  1. Edible portion of brussels sprouts is (a) Small head or bud

(b) Leaves

(c) Root

(d) None of these

  1. Pusa Purple long, Pusa Kranti and Arka Sheel are the improved varieties of

(a) Sprouting Broccoli

(b) Brinjal

(c) Cauliflower

(d) Knol – Khol

  1. Which of the following variety is resistant to little leaf of brinjal ?

(a) Pusa purple cluster

(b) Pusa purple round

(c) Pant samrat

(d) Manjari

  1. The red colour in chilli fruits at the ripening stage is due to pigment

(a) Capsaicin

(b) Capsanthin

(c) Alkaglucoside

(d) Mimosine

  1. For getting optimum plant population of chilli how much seed will be required (Kg/ha)

(a) 1.0-1.5

(b) 1.5-2.0

(c) 2.0-3.0

(d) 3.0-4.0

  1. Leaf curl virus of chilli is transmitted by

(a) White fly

(b) Aphid

(c) Jassid

(d) Honey bees

  1. Pusa Early Dwarf, Pusa Ruby and Angurlata are improved varieties of

(a) Grape

(b) Tomato

(d) Chilli

(c) Brinjal

  1. Non parasitic disorder due to deficiency of Ca in tomato is

(a) Buttoning

(c) BER

(b) Greening

(d) Browning

  1. Cat face is a physiological disorder of

(a) Tomato

(b) Brinjal

(d) Onion

(c) Pea

  1. Okra belongs to family

(a) Solanaceae

(b) Malvaceae

(c) Tiliaceae

(d) Cruciferae

  1. Optimum seed rate to get desired population of okra (kg/ha) in Kharif season is

(a) 4-5

(b) 8-10

(c) 15-20

(d) 20-25

  1. Pusa sawani, Pusa Makhamali and Punjab Padmani are the varieties of

(b) Onion

(d) Tomato

(a) Okra

(c) Garlic

  1. The red colour in pigment tomato is due to

(a) Lycopine

(c) Capsanthin

(b) Capsaicin

(d) None

  1. Shoot and fruit borer of okra belongs to

(a) Earias vitella

(b) Amrasca biguttula biguttula

(c) Tetranychus spp

(d) Heliothis armigera

  1. Cluster bean contains mucilaginous substance is

(a) Mannogalacton

(b) Asparagine

(c) Glutamine

(d) Galacturonic acid

  1. Optimum seed rate of cluster bean to sow one hectare area is (kg)

(a) 20-30

(c) 40-50

(b) 15-20

(d) 50-60

  1. Which crop is known as vegetable meat ?

(a) Okra

(b) French bean

(c) Cowpea

(d) Pea

  1. Pusa Phalguni, Pusa Barsati, Pusa-do fasli and Pusa Rituraj are the improved varieties of

(a) Cowpea

(b) Pea

(c) French bean

(d) Broad bean

  1. Pant Anupama, Arka Komal and Blue Lake are the varieties of

(a) Dew bean

(b) French bean

(c) Moth bean

(d) Indian bean

  1. To get desired plant population of french bean, seed rate will be (kg/ha)

(a) 60-70

(b) 85-95

(c) 95-110

(d) 110-120

  1. An illness which is known as “favism” is caused in peoples due to allergy to pollen and to green pod of

(a) French bean

(b) Indian bean

(c) Broad bean
(d) Moth bean

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.