Agricultural Economics and Extension most important questions for competitive exams

Agricultural Economics and Extension most important questions for competitive exams

  1. Principle of equimarginal return is applied when

(a) The resources are unlimited

(b) The price of resources is high

(c) The prices of resources vary

(d) The resources are limited

  1. The law of diminishing return refers to an eventual fall in

(a) Marginal product of the variable factor

(b) Average income of the farm

(c) Total production of all factors

(d) Total earning of the farm

  1. Which of the following is also referred to as ‘opportunity cost?

(a) Money cost

(b) Alternative cost

(c) Social cost

(d) Fixed cost

  1. If marginal rate of substitution (Ay, Ay, or Ay2/Ay,) is equal to zero, then enterprise relation is said to be

(a) Competitive

(b) Supplementary

(c) Complementary

(d) None

  1. Type of farming is based on

(a) The law of substitution

(b) The law of diminishing returns

(c) The law of comparative advantage

(d) The law of equimarginal return

  1. Which of the following cost is subtracted from gross income (GI) to get the value of family labour income?

(a) Cost A₁

(b) Cost A₂

(c) Cost B

(d) Cost C

  1. Which of the following cost is subtracted from gross income (GI) to get the value of net income ?

(a) Cost A,

(b) Cost A₂

(c) Cost B

(d) Cost C

  1. Cost B₂ includes

(a) Cost B, + rent paid for leased in land

(b) Cost B, + imputed value of family labour

(c) Cost B, + rental value of owned land

(d) Cost B, + interest on value of owned capital assets

  1. Marketing surplus is

(a) Total production minus Total family requirement

(b) Total consumption minus Marginal consumption

(c) Total cost minus Marginal cost

(d) Total production minus Total cost

  1. Which of the following cost is subtracted from gross income (GI) to get farm business income (owner) ?

(a) Cost A₁

(b) Cost A₂

(c) Cost B

(d) Cost C

  1. The concept of farming is best explained by

(a) Sectoral planning approach

(b) Mixed farming approach

(c) Holistic farming approach

(d) Diversified farming approach

  1. Who profounded the population theory first?

(a) Adam Smith

(b) Ricardo

(c) Malthus

(d) Marshall

  1. When MPP is zero, TPP is at its maximum because

(a) Further addition to MPP is negative

(b) Further addition to MPP is positive

(c) MC = MR

(d) Elasticity of production is more than one

  1. Principle of Extension Education is:

(a) Learning by doing

(b) Learning by seeing

(c) Learning by reading

(d) Learning by hearing

  1. Goal of Extension Education is:

(a) To promote income of farmers

(b) To promote production of the crops

(c) To promote new crops

(d) To promote scientific out look

  1. The first KVK was established in 1974 at:

(a) Nagpur

(b) Nilokheri

(c) Ludhiana

(d) Pondichery

  1. Which of the following rural development project was launched before independence ?

(a) Etawah pilot project

(b) Co-operative movement

(c) Community development

(d) National Extension service

  1. Television broadcast for rural development in India, started in:

(a) 1947

(b) 1957

(c) 1967

(d) 1977

  1. Cooperative society is basic institution for:

(a) Political growth of the villagers

(b) Social growth of the villagers

(c) Cultural growth of the villagers

(d) Socio-economic growth of the villagers

  1. Radio mass medium is characterised by:

(a) One way with immediate feedback

(b) One way without instant audience response

(c) One way and colourful

(d) One way and timeless

  1. Purpose of extension evaluation :

(a) To identify the weak points

(b) To identify the strong points

(c) To identify the gaps and errors

(d) To identify all the above

  1. Consider the following statements and select the correct answer using the codes given below:
    Assertion (A): Film is not effective medium in rural areas. Reason

(R): Film can not be projected with low voltage power.

(a) A is true but R is false

(b) R is true but A is false

(c) Both A and R are correct and R is correct explanation of A

(d) Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of A

  1. Lab to Land programme was started by:


(b) Govt. of U.P.

(c) Smt. Indira Gandhi

(d) ICAR

  1. Which of the following is not a method of group communication ?

(a) Demonstration

(b) Symposium

(c) Flannel graph

(d) Circular letter

  1. People’s participation in an extension programme is significant when :

(a) Local leaders participate

(b) Literate section of villagers participate

(c) Gram participate panchayat members

(d) Majority of villagers participate

  1. Which of the following statements represents true concepts of extension evaluation?

(a) Extension evaluation begins before the start of an extension programme

(b) Extension evaluation begins at the mid step of the programme

(c) Extension evaluation begins at the last step of the programme

(d) Extension evaluation begins inbuilt in each step of programme.

  1. Success in rural development project depends upon :

(a) Regular training of workers

(b) Regular contact of workers

(c) Amount of subsidy

(d) Participation of beneficiaries National

  1. Academy of Agriculture Research Management is located at:

(a) New Delhi

(b) Hyderabad

(c) Bangalore

(d) Cuttack

  1. For a study of farming system, the best PRA exercise is :

(a) Transect walk

(b) Resource mapping

(c) Time line

(d) Chapati diagram

  1. Community development project was started in India in :

(a) 1947

(c) 1952

(b) 1949

(d) 1953

  1. Which source of interview is the best in a rural society ?

(a) Key informant

(b) Group

(c) Focussed group

(d) None of the above

  1. The full form of A. T. M. A. is:

(a) Agriculture Technology Management Association

(b) Agriculture Technology Management Agency

(c) Agriculture Technology Mission Agency

(d) None of the above

  1. Method of mass communication is:

(a) Demonstration

(b) Farm visit News paper

(c) Group discussion

  1. T and V systems of extension was started by

(a) D. Benor

(c) M. Anderson

(b) M. Jackson

(d) O. P. Dhama

  1. Which one is not communication module the part of

(a) Communicator

(b) Message

(c) Advice

(d) Audience

  1. High yielding variety programme was started in the year :

(a) 1960

(c) 1966

(b) 1963

(d) 1968

  1. “Kisan Bharti” periodical is published from:

(a) Delhi

(b) Lucknow

(c) Hisar

(d) Pant Nagar

  1. Role of different agencies for village development is included in :

(a) Resources mapping

(b) Time line

(c) Transect walk

(d) Chapati diagram

  1. Gurgaon project was organised by:

(a) Mahatama Gandhi

(b) F. L. Bryne

(d) Albert Mayer

(c) Hatch

  1. Sevagarm attempt was started under the supervision of :

(a) F. L. Bryne

(b) R. N. Tagore

(c) J. L. Nehru

(d) M. K. Gandhi

  1. Shriniketan attempt was started by R. N. Tagore in collaboration with Elmhirst in Uttar Pradesh

(a) Bombay

(c) Travancore

(b) Bengal

(d) Etawah

  1. Martandum attempt was started by:

(a) Howard

(b) Hatch

(c) Albert Mayer

(d) F. L. Bryne

  1. The fundamental 1950 objective of extension education is:

(a) To provide the farmer knowledge and help that will enable him to increase his income.

(b) To encourage the farmer to grow his own food, eat well and live well.

(c) The development of the people.

(d) None of these

  1. T & V system is a good example of:

(a) Extension approach

(b) Training approach

(c) Co-operative self help approach

(d) Integrated development approach

  1. The main objectives of the community development programme are :

(a) Area development

(b) Self help programme

(c) Development of the whole community

(d) All of these

  1. According to Balwantrai Mehta committee, Panchayati Raj should be a :

(a) Two tier structure of local self government bodies from village to district

(b) Three tier structure of local self government bodies from village to district

(c) Two tier structure of local self government bodies from village to block

(d) Three tier structure of local self gove rnment bodies from village to block.

  1. Panchayati Raj was first time started on 2nd October, 1959 in :

(a) Bombay (Maharastra)

(b) Nagaur (Rajasthan)

(c) Shimla (Himachal Pradesh)

(d) Patna (Bihar)

  1. To get the intelligence quotient (I.Q.) of the individual, the formula will be: Chronological age Mental age

(a) I.Q. = × 100 Mental age Chronological age

(b) I.Q. = × 100 Chronological age Mental age

(c) I.Q. Mental age Chronological age

(d) I.Q.

  1. Correct sequence of steps in extension teaching is

(a) Attention Interest Desire Conviction Action Satisfaction

(b) Desire – Interest Attention Conviction Action Satisfaction

(c) Interest Attention Desire 1 Conviction Action Satisfaction

(d) Action Attention Interest 1 Conviction – Desire – Satisfaction

  1. Which is not a principle of learning?

(a) Learning is growth like andcontinuous

(b) Learning should be meaningful

(c) Learning should be challenging and satisfying

(d) Learning should not develop functional understanding of learners

  1. Which one of the following is not an element of good learning situation ?

(a) Physical facilities

(b) Extension worker

(c) Subject matter

(d) Transfer process

  1. Communication is the process by which messages are transferred from source to:

(a) Channel

(c) Receiver

(b) Message

(d) Effects

  1. The correct sequence of innovation decision process or adoption process is:

(a) Interest – awareness – evaluation – trial – adoption

(b) Evaluation – awareness – interest – trial adoption Awareness interest – evaluation
adoption trial

(d) Awareness interest – evaluation

  1. are the first farmers to adopt a new idea are the last to adopt new idea

(a) Innovators

(b) Early adopters

(c) Early majority

(d) Laggards

  1. Normal rate of adoption requires how many years from the introduction of the innovation to its adoption throughout t the community

(a) 2-6

(b) 6-10

(d) 14-18

(c) 10-14

  1. Which one of the following is not a method of mass contacts ?

(a) Circular letters

(b) Television

(c) Leaflets

(d) Result demonstration

  1. Which one of the following is a method of group contacts ?

(a) Farms and home visits

(b) Office calls

(c) Personal letters

(d) Tours

  1. Which one of the following is an audio visual method of extension teaching?

(a) Drama

(b) Recordings

(c) Flash board

(d) Tape recorder

  1. Which one is a non-projected aids ?

(a) Cinema

(b) Slide

(c) Over head projector

(d) Pictures

  1. Which methods of extension teaching is a way of showing people the value of an improved practice?

(a) Result demonstration

(b) Method demonstration

(c) Newspaper

(d) Circular letter

  1. Leaflet is a single sheet of folded to make a printed matter. paper page piece of

(a) 4

(c) 8

(b) 6

(d) 10

  1. For one talk, how many flash cards should be used.

(a) 10-12

(c) 14-18

(b) 12-14

(d) 20-22

  1. Which one of the step is not included in programme planning ?

(a) Collect facts

(b) Analyse situation

(c) Identify problems

(d) Execute plan

  1. is the primary institution of society.

(a) Family

(b) Village

(c) Individual

(d) Block

  1. The word Extension is derived from

(a) Latin

(b) Greek

(c) Both (a) & (b)

(d) None of these

  1. Rural development depends on :

(a) Research

(b) Research Extension

(c) Research Teaching Extension

(d) None of these

  1. Extension is a/an

(a) Non-formal education

(b) Out of school systems of education

(c) Both (a) and (b)

(d) Formal education

  1. is that of working with rural people through out of school education along with their current interest and needs for getting overall development of rural families.

(a) Extension education

(b) Extension process

(c) Extension jobs

(d) Extension service

  1. Extension is:

(a) education for all village people

(b) teaching through learning by doing and seeing is believing

(c) two way channel

(d) all of these

  1. Education cause :

(a) Change in knowledge

(b) Change in attitude

(b) Change in skills

(d) All of these

  1. Which of the following extension approaches has got the highest intensity of influence ?

(a) Mass approach

(b) Group approach

(c) Community approach

(d) Individual approach

  1. Which of the following scheme is exclusively meant for self-employment for rural youths ?

(a) NREP

(c) IRDP


(d) DPAP

  1. Which of the following 4 sources of communication do you consider most credible for non progressive/remote village situation?

(a) Radio

(c) Print media

(b) Demonstration

(d) Exhibition

  1. The basic unit of development under IRD program is:

(a) A village

(b) A community development block

(c) A family

(d) A district

  1. National extension service (NES) in India was initiated on

(a) October 2, 1952

(b) October 2, 1953

(c) January 26, 1950

(d) August 15, 1947

  1. First Agricultural University in India was established at:

(a) New Delhi

(b) Hyderabad

(c) Bikaner

(d) Pant Nagar

  1. From among the following identify one which is three-tier system of the local self-government :

(a) Gram panchayat – khand samiti – Zila parishad

(b) Gram panchayat – village school village cooperative

(c) IRD programme – TRYSEM-NREP

(d) Lab to land – KVK – KGK

  1. Which of the following are the elements of communication process ?

(a) Source – message – channel – receiver

(b) Production process – farmers – farm business

(c) Research – education extension training

(d) Information evaluation – instruction persuasion

  1. Extension education is :

(a) a discipline

(b) a profession

(c) Discipline and profession both Which one is not the mode of

(d) none

  1. broadcast?

(a) Straight talks

(b) Interviews

(c) Songs

(d) Lecture

  1. Which of the following is not the form of social interaction ?

(a) Competition

(c) Coordination

(b) Cooperation

(d) Conflict

  1. Which of the following pair is not matched ?

(a) Communication Berlo Small farmers

(b) Rural weakers

(c) Mass media

(d) Helping poorest : Demonstration IRD of the poor first programme

  1. In case of diffusion of innovation, the overt behaviour means:

(a) Adoption or rejection

(b) Remembering or forgetting

(c) Fooding or lodging

(d) Mental weighing or field trial

  1. Which is the traditional media of Communication?

(a) Print

(c) Radio

(b) Tape recorder

(d) Ram Leela

  1. General meetings are broadly, the meeting of:

(a) Heterogeneous participation

(b) Homogenous participation

(c) Community participation

(d) Society participation

  1. Campaign is an

(a) Intensive teaching

(b) Extensive teaching

(c) Invasive teaching

(d) None

  1. Programme planning is a procedure of

(a) Working by the people

(b) Working for the people

(c) Working with the people

(d) None of these

  1. A series of still pictures on one roll is called

(a) Channel

(c) Mock-up

(b) Film strip

(d) Black board

  1. A bulletin should contain

(a) 4-12 pages

(c) 24-48 pages

(b) 12-24 pages

(d) None

  1. Which is a unit of two or more people in reciprocal communication and interaction with each other.

(a) Family

(b) Group

(c) Society

(d) Social stratification

  1. In India, slightly less than half the villages are inhabited by < persons

(a) 500

(b) 800

(d) 1500

(c) 1000

  1. About 3/4 Indian villages have a human population of less than

(a) 600

(b) 700

(c) 800

(d) 1000

  1. NREP was started in the year

(a) 1977

(c) 1979

(b) 1978

(d) 1982

  1. The government sponsored Firka development scheme of Madras state was launched in:

(a) 1956

(b) 1946

(c) 1976

(d) 1980

  1. The first KVK, Pondicherry was established in 1974 related with

(a) RAU, Pusa

(b) TNU, Coimbatore

(c) AAU, Hyderabad

(d) ICAR

  1. The Village Panchayat Act came into existence in

(b) 1959

(a) 1958

(d) 1961
(c) 1960

  1. Lab to land programme was launched by the ICAR as a part of its jubilee celebrations in 1979.

(a) Centenary

(b) Platinum

(c) Golden

(d) Silver

  1. The University Education Commission was headed by Dr. S. Radha Krishanan, recommended the establishment of

(a) Urban Universities

(b) Rural Universities

(c) Both (a) and (b)

(d) None of these

  1. The Rural Systems Research idea was motivated by M. S. Swaminathan in

(a) 1978

(b) 1988

(d) 2004

(c) 1998

  1. The Government of India set up Planning Commission in

(a) 1948

(c) 1952

(b) 1950

(d) 1954

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